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英国学士学位介绍
发布时间:2016/9/21  浏览次数:1153 次  来源:【西安邦尼翻译有限公司】

HONORS DEGREE

 

The term Honours degree has different meanings for different degrees. Most commonly it is an award given in conjunction with undergraduate bachelor's degree variations. For example, in the United States, the four-year Honors bachelor's degree or in the United Kingdom and India, the three-year Bachelor (with) Honours degree (four years in Scotland), is sometimes indicated by "(Hons)" after the degree abbreviation. It also refers to the rarer "postgraduate" post-bachelor's degree With Honours, or the Baccalaureatus Cum Honore degree, with the requirement to first complete a bachelor's degree. In Canada, it is abbreviated to either "B.A., Hons" or "B.Sc., Hons." Rarely is the term used for a master's degree; for example, the four-year undergraduate degree at Ancient Scottish universitiesis abbreviated "MA (Hons)".

Many universities and colleges offer both Honours and non-Honours bachelor's degrees. In most countries, using the undergraduate Honours grading system, the term "Honours" (or "Honors" in the United States) is an academic distinction which indicates the student has achieved their bachelor's degree with a sufficiently high overall grade point average. In addition, some Honours programmes may require more education than non-Honours programs. Students who complete all the requirements for a bachelor's degree but do not receive sufficient merit to be awarded Honours will be awarded the non-Honours bachelor's degree (also known as Minors, Majors, Pass or Ordinary bachelor's degree), abbreviated "B.A." or "B.Sc." In England, Northern Ireland and Wales, almost all bachelor's degrees are awarded as Honours degrees; a student achieving a passing grade below Honours standard also earns the bachelor's degree, but without the Honours distinction.

The postgraduate Bachelor’s degree With Honours, or the Baccalaureatus Cum Honore degree, is a consecutive academic degree, a continuation of a completed (Honours) Bachelor’s degree. It requires a minimum of one year of additional study but may take longer. A student holding a Baccalaureatus Cum Honore degree may, in some countries, choose to complete a Ph.D. programme without the requirement to first complete a master's degree, where such a requirement exists. In Canada, Baccalaureatus Cum Honore programmes have recently been changed to corresponding master's degree programmes.

The term "Honours degree" was originally used in the UK in 1918 when a full British undergraduate degree classification system was developed to distinguish between students on the basis of their academic achievement. Other countries influenced by this system include Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Malta, Singapore, South Africa and Hong Kong.

HONORARY DEGREE

An honorary degree[1] or a degree honoris causa (Latin: "for the sake of the honor") is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, study and the passing of examinations. The degree is typically a doctorate or, less commonly, a master's degree, and may be awarded to someone who has no prior connection with the academic institution. An example of identifying receipt of this award is as follows: Doctorate in Business Administration (Hon. Causa).

The degree is often conferred as a way of honouring a distinguished visitor's contributions to a specific field or to society in general.[3] It is often given to graduation speakers at a university or college, and the university may derive benefits by association with the person in question. The degree is not recognized by employers as having the same stature as a corresponding earned doctorate degree and should not be represented as such. It is sometimes recommended that such degrees be listed in one's CV as an award, and not in the education section.With regard to the use of this honorific, the policies of institutions of higher education generally[citation needed] ask that recipients "refrain from adopting the misleading title"and that a recipient of an honorary doctorate should restrict the use of the title "Dr" before their name to any engagement with the institution of higher education in question and not within the broader community.

 

一般情况下,英国大学学位成绩可分为以下几个等级,但有的学位附加优异成绩(Honors),有的则没有,这要以同学们在学习期间的平均分数而定。

与中国60分及格不同,英国大学成绩的及格线定在40分,同学们能得到70分,那就是一等成绩了。

一等成绩(First Class)

一等成绩通常是英国大学颁发学位的最高成绩,英国大约有11%的毕业生能拿到一等成绩毕业。

不同大学和不同课程之间,拿到一等成绩的学生比例也有很大的差别,例如法律、物理或工程等专业,就很少有学生能拿到一等成绩。

一等成绩按百分比来算是70%以上,虽然理论上来说,最高分是100%,但一般情况下,英国大学很少有80%以上的分数。

   First Class相当于美国GPA 3.8-4.0,相当于中国重点院校平均分85分以上。

二等一级(Upper Second Class)

英国大学二等一级成绩又可写成2:1,仅次于一等成绩的第二高成绩,英国大学46%的毕业生都是以二等一级成绩毕业的。

英国大多数的雇主都要求大学毕业生至少必须达到这个成绩才会聘用。

二等一级成绩换算成百分比是60-69%,相当于美国GPA3.3-3.79,中国大学本科平均分75分以上。

二等二级(Lower Second Class)

英国大学二等二级成绩又可写成2:2,仅次于二等一级成绩,得分人数第二多的成绩,英国大学大约有29%的毕业生拿到这个成绩。

虽然这也是二等成绩,但在雇主来看,这和二等一级成绩有很大的差距,大多数的雇主都要求毕业生达到2:1以上的成绩。

二等二级成绩相当于50-59%,相当于美国GPA3.0-3.29,中国大学本科平均分70分以上。

三等成绩(Third Class)

英国大学三等成绩相当于40-49%,中国大学本科,平均分60至70分之间。

普通成绩(Ordinary degree)

英国大学普通成绩相当于及格,同学们勉强能拿到学位证书,换算成百分比是40%,相当于中国大学的60分及格。

学位等级划分的重要性

中国的留学生不要以为,大学只要毕业就可以了。其实不然,在英国人看来,高中和大学的教育是为了日后的工作而准备。研究生的教育是为博士或者进一步进修做铺垫。

英国大学对于学位等级的重视可以体现在毕业证书上,通常毕业证书上都会标明学生所拿的学位是几等,而想要取得一个好的学位,是需要学生认真对待每一篇论文,每一门考试的。

英国大学学位等级VS中国大学均分

英国英格兰地区的大学本科学制是三年,苏格兰地区的大学本科是四年。在英国,大学本科第一年的成绩是不计入学位计算的。大二、大三的成绩才是最重要的,并且各占最后学位的50%(满分制是100分,40分为及格)。

英国大学3年平均成绩70分以上:First honors Degree;

   60-69分:2.1或者Upper-second class degree;

   50-69分:2.2或Lower-second Class Degree;

   45-50分:Third class degree;

   40-44分:Ordinary degree (Pass);

   <39分:无学位Fail。

   First honors Degree: 中国211重点院校,本科平均分85分以上, 非211重点院校,本科平均分88-90分以上;

   2.1或者Upper-second class degree: 中国普通大学本科, 平均分在78-80分以上;

   2.2或Lower-second Class Degree: 中国普通大学本科平均分在70分以上;

Third class degree:英国大学的三等学位,相对于我国的大学本科成绩,就等于不及格的情况。这类学位,一般没有学校可以接受其来读硕士专业。同学们只能考虑重新读其他大学的本科第二年或是读一年的Pre-master(硕士预科)。

 

阅读文件:

BACHELORS DEGREE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

Degrees awarded carry designations related to the broad subject areas such as B.A., B.Sc., and B.Eng. The majority of bachelor's degrees are now honours degrees. Until the mid-20th century, some candidates (but not, for example, those at Oxford or Cambridge) would take an ordinary degree and then be selected to go on for a final year for the honours degree. A first degree course is usually three years but it might be reduced to two either by direct second-year entry (for people who have done foundation degrees or changed subject areas or done something similar) or by doing compressed courses (which are being piloted by several newer universities).For funding reasons (funding for undergraduate programs is automatic, while funding for postgraduate programs is not), it is becoming increasingly common to skip the bachelor's stage entirely and to go straight to the Master's level on a four-year (five-year if with industrial experience) course (which often shares the first two years with the equivalent bachelor's course).

Honours degrees are of a superior academic standard. An honours degree is always awarded in one of four classes depending upon the marks gained in the final assessments and examinations. The top students are awarded a first-class degree, the next best, an upper second-class degree (usually referred to as a 2:1), the next a lower second-class degree (usually referred to as a 2:2), and those with the lowest marks gain a third-class degree. An ordinary or unclassified degree (which does not give the graduate the right to add (Hons)) may be awarded if a student has completed the full honours degree course but has not obtained the total required passes sufficient to merit a third-class honours degree. Alternatively, a student may be denied honours if he/she has had to retake courses.

Ordinary degrees are unclassified degrees awarded to all students who have completed the course and obtained sufficient marks to pass the final assessments and examinations. Although ordinary degree courses are often considered to be easier than honours degree courses, this is not always the case, and much depends on the university attended and the subject being studied. Some modern universities offer the opportunity for ordinary degree students to transfer to an honours degree course in the same subject if an acceptable standard is reached after the first or second year of study.

The graduateship (post-nominal GCGI) and associateship (post-nominal ACGI, Imperial College) awarded by the City & Guilds of London Institute are mapped to a British honours degree.

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